Minimally invasive cardiac valve repair and replacement is heart surgery performed through small incisions at the chest using specialized robotic-assisted or minable invasive instruments and cameras.
Candidates for minimally invasive cardiac valve repair and replacement often have conditions such as heart valve dysfunction such as valvular stenosis or valvular insufficiency, blockages that cause the valves to narrow, thicken, and block the passage of blood through the valves making the heart muscle work harder. Aging and some infections such as rheumatic fever or staphylococcus can also require valve repair and replacement.
Benefits of Minimally Invasive Cardiac Valve Repair and Replacement include:
- Circumventing a sternotomy that would open the chest and cut bones
- Less blood loss and risk of blood transfusions
- Less pain and trauma to the body
- Faster recovery and shorter hospital stay
- Minimal scarring
As with all surgical procedures, it is best to consult with your physician and surgeon to understand the advantages and risks of minimally invasive cardiac procedures. Together your cardiac care team will recommend the best approach for you based on many factors, including the type of heart disease you have and its severity. Additionally, age, medical history, lifestyle, and preliminary test results are determining factors before any surgery is performed.