Glossary of Neonatal Terms
- AB Spell
A pause in your baby's breathing, which then lowers his or her heart rate.
Too few red blood cells.
A pause in breathing for a short period. Common in premature babies.
A pigment produced from the breakdown of red blood cells. When in excess, bilirubin appears as yellow skin known as jaundice.
- Blood Gases
A blood test to check the level of oxygen, carbon dioxide and acidity.
Slowing of the heart rate to lower than normal.
- Carbon Dioxide (CO2)
Waste gas eliminated by the lungs.
A plastic tube to put fluids into or to remove them from the body.
Continuous positive airway pressure. This is continuous pressure applied to the lungs through a mask or endotracheal tube and helps the baby’s breathing.
Presence of too much fluid in body tissues causing a swollen appearance.
- Endotracheal Tube
A tube inserted into the mouth to the windpipe to keep the airway open.
Feeding by a tube passed through the mouth into the stomach.
- Gestational Age
The time period in weeks from conception to delivery.
The concentration of red cells in blood.
Nourishing the baby with a glucose, fat and protein solution through the veins. Also called Total Parenteral Nutrition (TPN).
Blood sugar level below normal.
Dark greenish waste products that accumulate in the bowel during fetal life and are eliminated shortly after birth.
- Meconium Aspiration
The condition in which the baby breathes in meconium that is in the amniotic fluid.
Blood oxygen level.
- Patent Ductus Arteriosus (PDA)
A blood vessel that allows blood to bypass the lungs. It should close shortly after birth.
Amount of acid in the blood.
Treatment of jaundice by use of special lights on the baby’s skin to breakdown the bilirubin.
- Pulse Oximeter
A probe that wraps around a hand or foot, connected to a machine, which measures how much oxygen the blood is carrying.
Infection in the blood or other body tissues.
Small for gestational age; lower birth weight than expected for age.
Mechanical removal of mucous from the nose or throat or endotracheal tube with a plastic tube.
- Transcutaneous Oxygen or Carbon Dioxide Monitor (TCOM)
A button-like probe placed on the baby’s skin to measure the amount of oxygen or carbon dioxide in the blood without taking a blood test.