Multiple Sclerosis (MS) is a chronic disorder that affects the nervous system. It occurs when the immune system mistakenly attacks the myelin, a fatty substance that surrounds and protects nerves. As a result, the myelin breaks down, leading to the formation of scar tissue (sclerosis). This can cause the nerves to have difficulty sending electrical signals to the brain.
Symptoms of MS can vary greatly from person to person, with some experiencing minor symptoms and others experiencing frequent and severe symptoms. Some common symptoms of MS include difficulty concentrating, dizziness, fatigue, muscle weakness, numbness or tingling, speech changes, tremors or involuntary muscle movements (spasms), and vision changes, such as double vision or color distortion.