Endoscopy is a visual exam of looking inside the body using an endoscope, a tiny flexible light tube.
Types of Endoscopy
- Bronchoscopy - A bronchoscope, a tiny flexible light tube, is placed through the nose or mouth to view lung tissue to help diagnose lung conditions.
- Colonoscopy/Sigmoidoscopy - Routine colonoscopy or sigmoidoscopy allow physicians to view the colon area to detect polyps and colorectal cancer. If polyps are found during the colonoscopy they may be removed.
- Colposcopy - A colposcope, a tiny flexible light tube, is placed through the cervix to view cervical tissue to help diagnose cervical cancer.
- Cystoscopy - A cystoscope, a tiny flexible light tube, is placed through the urethra to examine the lining of the bladder to help diagnose bladder cancer.
- Endoscopic Retrograde Cholangiopancreatography - An endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) involves inserting a tiny, flexible lighted tube into the pancreas and injecting dyes that can be seen on X-rays. The exam aids in diagnosing pancreatic cancer.
- Flexible Endoscopy - Flexible endoscopy gives the best information regarding structure of the esophagus and stomach. The contour of the lower esophageal sphincter (LES) correlates well with its function as an anti-reflux valve. Complications of reflux, such as esophagitis and Barrett’s Esophagus, are diagnosed with endoscopy and can be biopsied appropriately. Endoscopy may identify unexpected findings that change the patient’s treatment focus, such as cancer in the esophagus, stomach or duodenum. Endoscopy also can detect a hiatal or paraesophageal hernia and evaluate whether the LES is blocked or twisted.
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