Participant Age Range
29 days to 21 years
“A Randomized Phase 3 Trial of Fludarabine/Cytarabine/Gemtuzumab Ozogamicin With or Without Venetoclax in Children With Relapsed AML”
A study to evaluate if the randomized addition of venetoclax to a chemotherapy backbone (fludarabine/cytarabine/gemtuzumab ozogamicin [GO]) improves survival of children/adolescents/young adults with acute myeloid leukemia (AML) in 1st relapse who are unable to receive additional anthracyclines, or in 2nd relapse.
Relapse of AML is driven by chemotherapy resistant stem cells. One mechanism of chemotherapeutic resistance in AML is the overexpression of the protein B-cell lymphoma 2 (BCL-2), an anti-apoptotic protein which sequesters intracellular activators of apoptosis. Venetoclax is a selective, potent, orally bioavailable, small molecule inhibitor of B-cell lymphoma (BCL)-2 that restores programmed cell death in cancer cells.
This is a trial for children, adolescents and young adults with 2nd relapsed AML or 1st relapsed AML unable to receive additional anthracycline.
This is randomized trial of venetoclax in combination with intensive chemotherapy (fludarabine/cytarabine/gemtuzumab ozogamicin) for the first two cycles that would inform and evaluate if this agent is an effective option for this population to improve its poor prognosis. Participants can receive up to two cycles of induction chemotherapy before hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT). Participants benefiting from treatment and who are not able to proceed to HSCT have the possibility to continue to receive azacitidine in monotherapy (Arm A, control arm) or in combination with venetoclax (Arm B, experimental arm).