Testicular cancer occurs in one or both testicles in the male reproductive system. There are many types of testicular cancer—germ cell tumors are the most common. According to the American Cancer Society (ACS), more than 7,000 men will be diagnosed each year with testicular cancer in the United States. It is the most common cancer in young or middle-aged American males and is usually cured.
Testicular cancer symptoms may include:
- A lump (can be painless) or swelling in the testicle.
- A feeling of heaviness in the scrotum.
- Pain in the testicle, abdomen or lower back.
If you’re experiencing any of these symptoms, consult a MemorialCare Physician partner.
Risk Factors & Prevention
Men are at a greater risk for testicular cancer risk if you:
- Have undescended testicles (testicles that do not move to the scrotum during fetal development).
- Have abnormalities in the testicles.
- Have a family history or personal history of testicular cancer.
- Are between the ages of 15 and 34 years.
- Are Caucasian.
The causes of testicular cancer are unknown. It is difficult to prevent testicular cancer as most of the risk factors, such as age, race and family history, are uncontrollable and are present from birth.