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Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm

The aorta is the main blood vessel that carries blood throughout the body. An abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) occurs when an area of the aorta becomes enlarged or balloons out. If the aneurysm becomes large enough, it may rupture.

Abnormal Heart Rhythms (Arrhythmias)

Each year millions of people experience abnormal heart rhythms (arrhythmias), which are common as we age. For most, a normal resting heart rate is 60 to 100 beats per minute (bpm). For athletic individuals, a normal resting heart rate may be as low as 40 to 60 bpm.

Acute and Chronic Aortic Dissection

Aortic dissection is defined as acute within 14 days after onset of symptoms. This definition is used in trials and in clinical practice. In contrast to patients with acute complications, such as rupture, rapid enlargement and malperfusion, patients with chronic dissection are treated for aneurysm formation.

Aortic Disease

Aortic disease is the 13th leading cause of death in Western Countries.

Aortic Transection

This condition occurs when the aorta tears or ruptures. The degree of injury can range from minimal bruising of the aorta to complete separation and rupture.

Aorto Fistulas

This condition requires prompt diagnosis and treatment.


Arteritis refers to inflammation of your arteries that damages your blood vessel walls and reduces blood flow to your organs.

Atrial Fibrillation

Atrial fibrillation (AF) results from multiple electrical impulses firing from both upper chambers of the heart (right and left atrium). It causes the heart to beat fast, very irregularly, and with less efficiency than with normal rhythm. AF can occur intermittently (paroxysmal AF). Episodes can occur frequently or rarely.

Cardiac Tumors

Cardiac tumors are primary tumors or secondary tumors that form in the heart. Most cardiac tumors are noncancerous (benign) and some cardiac tumors are cancerous (malignant).


Cardiomyopathy is the disease of the heart muscle. There are many reasons why this can occur including coronary artery disease, high blood pressure, certain viruses and genetics. Cardiomyopathy usually results in an enlarged heart and ultimately heart failure.

Carotid Artery Disease

The carotid arteries supply the head and neck with oxygenated blood. Carotid artery disease refers to the narrowing of these arteries caused by the build up of plaque (fatty substances along the inner wall of the artery).

Chest Pain

When the heart muscle does not get enough blood flow, which carries oxygen to the heart muscle, it results in chest pain (angina pectoris or just angina). Chest pain can occur for several reasons, but it should always be taken seriously as it could be the first sign of a heart attack.

Coarctation of the Aorta

Aortic coarctation is a narrowing of the aorta, y.

Congenital Heart Disease

Congenital heart disease is a heart condition where the structure of the heart and vessels do not form correctly during fetal development in the uterus. Defects can form in the walls of the heart, heart valves, and arteries and veins leading to the heart.

Heart & Vascular Resources

We believe that being well-informed will help you make the best choices about your heart care when you consult with our physicians. Below, we have provided some links to independent online resources for heart information.

Heart Attack (Myocardial Infarction)

Heart Attack (Myocardial Infarction) is a Medical Emergency If you think you may be experiencing a heart attack, call 9-1-1 immediately so that treatment can start as soon as possible. Do not drive yourself or wait for a ride from a friend or family member. Have an ambulance take you to a hospital that is a cardiac

Heart Disease

Heart Disease, also known as Coronary Artery Disease (CAD) or Cardiovascular Disease, is a condition that involves the narrowing or blocking of the coronary arteries.

Heart Disease in Women

Heart disease is the number one killer of women over the age of 25 in the United States irrespective of race or ethnicity. Each year, six times as many women die of cardiovascular disease than of breast cancer. The condition affects approximately 10 percent of women between the ages of 45 and 64, and one in four women over

Heart Failure

Heart failure, sometimes known as Congestive Heart Failure (CHF), occurs when the heart can't pump enough to the rest of the body. If the heart muscle cannot pump enough blood, it cannot meet the body's needs for blood and oxygen. The heart is a pump that circulates the blood throughout the body.

Inflammatory Aortic Disease (Aortitis)

Aortitis entails inflammatory changes in the aortic wall that causes necrosis and destruction of structural elements of the vessel wall.

Intramural Hematoma and Penetrating Ulcers

Aortic intramural hematoma (IMH) is an acute aortic disease, defined by the presence of hemorrhage within the aortic wall, and no evidence of intimal tear. The penetrating aortic ulcer (PAU) is a chronic aortic condition, defined by an ulcer-like disruption of the intima maturing within the aortic lumen.

Marfan Syndrome, Bicuspid Aortic Valve

Bicuspid aortic valve is a defect in the heart’s aortic valve that is present at birth (congenital). Some medical experts suggest it may be caused by a connective tissue disorder similar to that which causes the heart and blood vessel problems in Marfan syndrome.

Peripheral Vascular Disease

Peripheral vascular disease (PVD) refers to diseases of blood vessels outside of the heart and brain. It is often a narrowing of vessels that carry blood to the legs, arms, stomach or kidneys. Varicose veins are an example of PVD in the veins.

Severe Aortic Valve Stenosis

Nearly 1.5 million people in the U.S. suffer from aortic valve stenosis - one of the most common and serious heart valve conditions.

Sudden Cardiac Death

Sudden cardiac death (also known as sudden cardiac arrest) occurs from a sudden loss of heart function where the heart stops (cardiac arrest) and blood stops circulating in the body.

Thoracic Aortic Aneurysms

An aneurysm is an abnormal widening or ballooning of a portion of an artery due to weakness in the wall of the blood vessel. A thoracic aortic aneurysm occurs in the part of the body's largest artery (the aorta) that passes through the chest.

Varicose Veins

Varicose veins are dilated veins that have lost their valve effectiveness and become elongated, bulged and thickened. Veins carry blood from the capillaries to the heart. In the leg, this means the blood has to flow upward, against gravity. These veins have one-way valves to prevent the blood from flowing backwards.

“Shaggy Aorta” – Thrombo-Embolization

This condition is due to multiple, ulcerated, atherosclerotic plaques, which are lined with thrombus of the thoracoabdominal aorta, and is associated with an irregularly shape of the aortic wall at angiography and CT, known as the “shaggy aorta” syndrome.