MemorialCare Cancer Institute at:
Stomach CancerStomach cancer, also called gastric cancer, forms in the tissues lining the stomach, an organ in the digestive system. Stomach cancer grows slowly over time and can spread to the lymph nodes and also reach the liver, lungs and bones. It is more common in countries outside of the United States.
SymptomsStomach cancer symptoms are not usually noticed in early stages, in advanced stages the symptoms may include: If you’re experiencing any of these symptoms, consult a MemorialCare Physician partner.
Causes & PreventionThe causes of stomach cancer are unknown. By controlling risk factors that you can change, like not smoking, not eating a lot of smoked, salted or pickled foods and maintaining a healthy weight you can lower your risk for stomach cancer.
Risk FactorsYou are at a greater risk for stomach cancer risk if you:
DiagnosisAfter a physical exam, a diagnostic image called Upper GI (gastrointestinal) series, an X-ray taken just after drinking barium solution can be taken to view the esophagus and stomach to detect signs of cancer. An endoscopy, a tiny light tube can also be used to look at the stomach, as well as other diagnostic imaging such as a CT scan, MRI or chest X-ray. A biopsy may be taken so that a pathologist can examine tissue from the stomach under a microscope to determine if cancer cells are present.
StagingIf cancer is diagnosed and before treatment begins, additional tests are performed to determine the stage of the cancer and to see if it has spread to other parts of the body.
TreatmentsMemorialCare’s experienced team of oncologists, radiation oncologists, radiologists, pathologists and surgeons conduct roundtable discussions (tumor boards) of newly diagnosed patients to make recommendations for the best course of treatment.